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Special Collection | Colección Especial

The crisis in Venezuela: Drivers, transitions, and pathways

Authors:

Benedicte Bull ,

Universitetet i Oslo, NO
About Benedicte

Benedicte Bull is professor of political science at the Centre for Development and the Environment (SUM) at the University of Oslo, where she leads the Norwegian Network of Latin America Research and the Oslo Academy of Global Governance. Her research focuses on the role of business and elites in development and environmental governance in Latin America and international institutions.

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Antulio Rosales

University of Oslo, NO
About Antulio

Antulio Rosales is a Postdoctoral Fellow at Centre for Development and the Environment in the University of Oslo. His research focuses on the political economy of natural resource extraction, especially oil and mining in South America.

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Abstract

In this introduction, we present the main contributions of this special collection, which aim to open the analysis to the broader political and economic processes that underpin Venezuela’s recent crisis. We highlight the transition from a limited democracy to an authoritarian regime and some of the potential pathways to democratization. We further explain how the political transition that occurred in the last decade was influenced by structural conditions of the Venezuelan economy, elaborating on the collapse of the Venezuelan rentier economy and some of the emerging processes that feed the strengthening of authoritarianism. Lastly, we analyse how these transformations have been affected by a changing international order with emerging actors and dynamics in a global order upheaval. The articles in this special collection locate in Venezuela’s crisis on broader theoretical discussions rooted in comparative and historical perspectives.

Resumen: Crisis en Venezuela: Actores, transiciones y vías

En esta introducción, presentamos las principales contribuciones de esta colección especial, cuyo objetivo es abrir un análisis a los amplios procesos políticos y económicos que sustentan la reciente crisis de Venezuela. Destacamos la transición de una democracia limitada a un régimen autoritario y algunas de las posibles vías hacia la democratización. Explicamos además cómo la transición política que ocurrió en la última década estuvo influida por las condiciones estructurales de la economía venezolana, explicando el colapso de la economía rentista venezolana y algunos de los procesos emergentes que alimentan el fortalecimiento del autoritarismo. Por último, analizamos cómo estas transformaciones se han visto afectadas por un orden internacional cambiante con actores y dinámicas emergentes en una agitación del orden global. Los artículos de esta colección especial sitúan la crisis de Venezuela en debates teóricos más amplios enraizados en perspectivas comparativas e históricas. 

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10587
How to Cite: Bull, B., & Rosales, A. (2020). The crisis in Venezuela: Drivers, transitions, and pathways. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, (109), 1–20. DOI: http://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10587
Published on 20 Apr 2020.
Peer Reviewed

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