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Reading: Populismo y política antigénero en Perú: De la sociedad civil al escenario electoral

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Populismo y política antigénero en Perú: De la sociedad civil al escenario electoral

Author:

Stéphanie Rousseau

Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, PE
About Stéphanie
Stéphanie Rousseau is Full Professor of Political Science at the Department of Social Sciences, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. She has a PhD in Political Science from McGill University. She also worked as Associate Professor of Sociology at Université Laval (Canada) from 2005 to 2013. Her research interests are social movements and citizenship, gender, and ethnicity in Peru and Bolivia. In 2016, she won the José-Maria Arguedas Award for the Best Article Published on Peru, from the Peru Section of the Latin American Studies Association. She is the author of Women’s Citizenship in Peru. The Paradoxes of Neopopulism in Latin America (Palgrave Macmillan 2009) and co-author of Indigenous Women’s Movements in Latin America. Gender and Ethnicity in Peru, Mexico and Bolivia (Palgrave Macmillan 2017). She published articles in Latin American Research Review, Journal of Latin American Studies, Latin American Politics & Society, Social Politics, and Journal of Politics in Latin America, among others.
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Abstract

Populism and antigender politics in Peru: From civil society to electoral sphere

Popular support to antigender politics that emerged in the last years in several countries of Latin America has been explained mostly in terms of the entry of religious actors in the political system. Based on an analysis of antigender activists’ and politicians’ discourse in Peru, it is argued that building political representation vehicles around the rejection of the concept of gender constitutes a new expression of populism in Latin America. The new populisms use gender as a central concept in their discursive strategy. In Peru, the trajectory of antigender politics shows its origins in civil organizations and a rapid entry into the electoral sphere. The construction of populisms centred on value conflicts shows the need to widen the analytical framework on antigender politics beyond the relationship between religion and politics. 

 
El apoyo popular que la política antigénero ha conseguido en los últimos años en varios países de América Latina ha sido explicado sobre todo en referencia al ingreso de actores religiosos en el sistema político. En base a un análisis del discurso de activistas y políticos antigénero en Perú, se argumenta que la construcción de canales de representación política articulados alrededor del rechazo al concepto de género constituye una nueva expresión del populismo en Latinoamérica. Estos populismos utilizan el género de forma central en su estrategia discursiva de movilización. En Perú, la trayectoria de la política antigénero muestra su origen en organizaciones civiles y su ingreso rápido a la esfera electoral. La construcción de populismos centrados en conflictos de valores evidencia la necesidad de ampliar el marco de análisis de la política antigénero más allá de la relación entre religión y política.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10841
How to Cite: Rousseau, S. (2022). Populismo y política antigénero en Perú: De la sociedad civil al escenario electoral. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, (113), 1–18. DOI: http://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10841
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Published on 10 Mar 2022.
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