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Gender and natural resource extraction in Latin America: Feminist engagements with geopolitical positionality

Authors:

Susanne Hofmann ,

London School of Economics, GB
About Susanne

Susanne Hofmann is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow, hosted by the Latin America and Caribbean Centre (LACC) at the LSE, and collaborating with the Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social-CIESAS (Unidad Golfo), Mexico. She studies how infrastructure projects reactivate and reinforce existing socio-territorial conflicts, and how they shape local gender configurations and security dynamics. Her work is influenced by decolonial and community feminism.

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Melisa Cabrapan Duarte

Instituto Patagónico de Estudios de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales (CONICET-Confluencia), AR
About Melisa
Melisa Cabrapan belongs to the Lof Newen Mapu. She has a doctorate in Social Anthropology (University of Buenos Aires) and a BA in Sociocultural Anthropology (National University of Río Negro). She is currently doing postdoctoral research at the IPEHCS-CONICET-UNCO, on Mapuche resistance to extractivism in Neuquén. Her research is informed by feminist anthropology and gender studies, and she works on the topics of sexual-affective economies, oil extractivism, mobilities and identity politics.
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Abstract

This article resituates the debate on approaches to gender in contexts of natural r

This article resituates the debate on approaches to gender in contexts of natural resource extraction in Latin America and, subsequently, outlines an intersectional, feminist proposal focused on geopolitical positionality, which points to the complex and global power relations that (re)position individuals and collectivities residing in spaces that have geopolitical value in a gendered way. This article draws on both empirical and theoretical research in/on extractive contexts, focusing on women, masculinities, and sexual markets. By paying special attention to the diversity of women’s experiences and productive activities in extractive contexts, this article visibilizes their agency, as well as generates a more accurate account of how extractivist regimes operate and reconfigure gender relations on a local level. This expands existing approaches, allowing a situated, feminist critique, which helps to refine the study of gender and gendered power relations in their intersection with processes of natural resource extraction. 

Resumen: Género y extracción de recursos naturales en Latinoamérica: Involucramientos feministas con posicionalidad geopolítica

Este artículo reubica el debate sobre los abordajes al género en contextos de extracción de recursos naturales en Latinoamérica y, posteriormente, esboza una propuesta feminista interseccional enfocada en la posicionalidad geopolítica, que apunta a relaciones de poder complejas y globales que (re)posicionan de forma genérica a individuos y colectividades residentes en espacios de valor geopolítico. Este artículo se basa en investigación empírica y teórica en contextos extractivos, centrada en mujeres, masculinidades y mercados sexuales. Prestando especial atención a la diversidad de las experiencias y actividades productivas de las mujeres en contextos extractivos, este artículo visibiliza su agencia, así como genera un relato más acertado de cómo los regímenes extractivistas operan y reconfiguran las relaciones de género a nivel local. Esto amplía abordajes existentes, permitiendo una crítica feminista situada, que ayuda a refinar el estudio de género y las relaciones genéricas de poder en su intersección con los procesos de extracción de recursos naturales. 

 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10653
How to Cite: Hofmann, S., & Cabrapan Duarte, M. (2021). Gender and natural resource extraction in Latin America: Feminist engagements with geopolitical positionality. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, (111), 39–63. DOI: http://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10653
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Published on 16 Apr 2021.
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