Start Submission

Reading: Resistance to hydropower developments in contexts of violence and organised crime in Mexico

Download

A- A+
Alt. Display

Articles | Artículos

Resistance to hydropower developments in contexts of violence and organised crime in Mexico

Authors:

Mariana Pelayo Pérez ,

Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, MX
About Mariana

Mariana Pelayo Pérez received her PhD in Sustainability Sciences at Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). She is an instructor and researcher at the Social Sciences school at the Universidad Autónoma de Nayarit. Her research approach favors a transdisciplinary approach, including political ecology, human geography and environmental sociology. Her research interests include hydropolitics, micropolitics of conflict and resistance, human-environment relational ontologies, and biopolitics.

X close

Elisabet Dueholm Rasch

Wageningen University & Research, NL
About Elisabet

Elisabet Dueholm Rasch is associate professor at Wageningen University. Her research topics include (indigenous) mobilization toward neo-liberal policies and extractive projects, and energy production in Latin America (Guatemala) and the Netherlands. Her contemporary fieldwork in Guatemala focuses on how territory defenders experience violence and criminalization.

X close

Abstract

Hydropower developments not only have far reaching consequences like ecological degradation and the disappearance of livelihood resources. They also spur micropolitical processes of territorial and productive re-ordering within and between communities. This article analyses the response mechanisms of the inhabitants of a community located in the reservoir of a hydroelectric project in Mexico, facing the construction of a hydroelectric dam and the related arrival of new actors involved in illicit activities. In doing so, it examines the strategies for protecting their territory and livelihoods, and minimising risks at the same time at three levels: intensification, intentional transgression of rules and regulations, and the objection of the imposed system. The article concludes that the response mechanisms are informed by, and produce micropolitics of illegality and violence as well as new codes of governance. 

Resumen: Resistencia a desarrollos hidroeléctricos en contextos de violencia y crimen organizado en México
Los desarrollos hidroeléctricos no solo tienen consecuencias de largo alcance como la degradación ecológica y la desaparición de medios de vida, también implican procesos micropolíticos de reordenamiento territorial y productivo dentro y entre comunidades. Este artículo analiza los mecanismos de respuesta de los habitantes de una comunidad ubicada en el embalse de un proyecto hidroeléctrico en México, frente a la construcción de una presa hidroeléctrica y la llegada de nuevos actores involucrados en actividades ilícitas. Se examinan las estrategias para proteger su territorio y su medio de vida, y minimizar los riesgos a partir de tres niveles: intensificación, transgresión intencionada de reglas y regulaciones y estrategias de impugnación. El artículo concluye que los mecanismos de respuesta están informados por y producen micropolíticas de ilegalidad y violencia como nuevos códigos de gobernanza.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10624
How to Cite: Pelayo Pérez, M., & Rasch, E. D. (2020). Resistance to hydropower developments in contexts of violence and organised crime in Mexico. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, (110), 123–143. DOI: http://doi.org/10.32992/erlacs.10624
106
Views
102
Downloads
Published on 16 Dec 2020.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)