Start Submission

Reading: In the Name of the People: Democratization, Popular Organizations, and Populism in Venezuela...

Download

A- A+
dyslexia friendly

Articles | Artículos

In the Name of the People: Democratization, Popular Organizations, and Populism in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador

Author:

Carlos de la Torre

University of Kentucky, US
About Carlos
Carlos de la Torre <c.delatorre@uky.edu> is Director of International Studies and Professor of Sociology at the University of Kentucky. His areas of research are populism, and populist movements in Latin America, and racism and citizenship in Ecuador. His latest publications are Latin American Populism in the Twenty-First Century coedited with Cynthia Arnson, Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013; Populist Seduction in Latin America, Ohio University Press, second edition 2010; and The Ecuador Reader coedited with Steve Striffler, Duke University Press, 2009. He was a fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, and of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
X close

Abstract

The regimes of Hugo Chávez, Evo Morales, and Rafael Correa undermine contestation while simultaneously increasing the material inclusion of the poor and the excluded. These regimes that are usually lumped together show distinct patterns in fostering participation. Whereas in Ecuador participation is reduced to voting in elections, participatory institutions were created in Venezuela and Bolivia. And whereas mobilization in Bolivia comes mostly from the bottom up, in Venezuela and Ecuador it comes from the top-down. To compare their divergent patterns this paper analyses: 1) the strength of subaltern organizations when these leaders were elected; 2) the confrontation between governments and the oppositions; and 3) the views of democratization of the coalitions that brought these regimes to power.

Resumen: En nombre del pueblo: democratización, organizaciones populares y populismo en Venezuela, Bolivia y Ecuador

Los regímenes de Hugo Chávez, Evo Morales y Rafael Correa atentan en contra del pluralismo a la vez que incluyen materialmente a los pobres y a los excluidos. Estos regímenes que por lo general son aglutinados en un mismo saco tienen diferentes patrones para promover la participación política. Es así que mientras que en Ecuador la participación se reduce a votar en elecciones, en Venezuela y Bolivia se crearon instituciones participativas. Mientras que en Bolivia la participación viene en gran medida desde las bases, en Ecuador y Venezuela viene desde arriba hacia abajo. Para comparar los diferentes patrones este trabajo estudia: 1) la fuerza de organizaciones de los subalternos cuando estos líderes fueron electos; 2) la confrontación entre el gobierno y las oposiciones; 3) las visiones sobre democratización de las coaliciones que llevaron al poder a estos líderes.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.9229
How to Cite: de la Torre, C. (2013). In the Name of the People: Democratization, Popular Organizations, and Populism in Venezuela, Bolivia, and Ecuador. ERLACS, (95), 27–48. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.9229
341
Views
182
Downloads
Published on 09 Oct 2013.
Peer Reviewed

Downloads

  • PDF (EN)