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Reading: Tourism, Real Estate Development and Depeasantisation in Latin America

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Tourism, Real Estate Development and Depeasantisation in Latin America

Authors:

Jordi Gascón ,

University of Lleida, ES
About Jordi

Jordi Gascón <jordigascon@hahs.udl.cat> is a social anthropologist from the University of Barcelona and is specialized in rural studies. His lines of research are the impacts of tourism on the peasant world, tourism as an instrument of development cooperation, and agrarian policies in Latin America. He is a professor at the Social History Unit of the University of Lleida (Spain), and is also a member of the Responsible Tourism Forum platform.

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Claudio Milano

Ostelea School of Tourism & Hospitality – University of Lleida, ES
About Claudio
Claudio Milano <cmilano@ostelea.com> is a social and cultural anthropologist and Professor of Tourism in the Ostelea School of Tourism & Hospitality (Campus Barcelona) at University of Lleida (Spain). His research interests focus on sociocultural impacts of tourism in Europe and Latin America and the relation between tourism, social resistance and protest movements in rural and urban areas. He has been Visiting Lecturer at the Federal University of Piauí (Brazil), the Strathmore University of Nairobi (Kenya) and the University of Colombo (Sri Lanka).
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Abstract

Residential tourism transforms societies and rural economies. Among other changes, it converts agrarian land into urbanized land, and brings new agents into the land market (real estate investors, clients acquiring second homes, etc.). These two factors imply an increase in land prices that often gives way to a crisis of traditional agrarian activities and stimulates the emigration of the local population. The present article examines how this process takes place. Is it simply a mechanism of supply and demand? Or are other economic and political factors at work? To understand this phenomenon, we analyze three South American cases, one in Brazil and two in Ecuador, in which residential tourism is in different stages of development.

Resumen: Turismo, desarrollo inmobiliario y descampesinización en América Latina

El turismo residencial transforma las sociedades y economías rurales. Entre otros cambios, convierte la tierra de vocación agraria en suelo urbanizable, e incorpora en el mercado de tierras a nuevos agentes (inversores inmobiliarios, clientes que adquieren la residencia, etc.). Estos dos factores comportan un incremento del precio del suelo que muchas veces impulsa la crisis de las actividades agrarias tradicionales y estimula la emigración de la población local. El presente texto examina cómo tiene lugar este proceso. ¿Es el simple mecanismo de la oferta y la demanda? ¿O actúan también otros factores económicos y políticos? Para ello, se analizan tres casos sudamericanos, uno en Brasil y dos en Ecuador, en los que el turismo residencial se encuentra en diferentes fases de desarrollo.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10313
How to Cite: Gascón, J., & Milano, C. (2018). Tourism, Real Estate Development and Depeasantisation in Latin America. European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, (105), 21–38. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10313
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Published on 31 May 2018.
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