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Reading: Socio-Territorial Conflicts in Chile: Configuration and Politicization (2005-2014)

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Socio-Territorial Conflicts in Chile: Configuration and Politicization (2005-2014)

Authors:

Gonzalo Delamaza ,

Universidad de Los Lagos, CL
About Gonzalo

Gonzalo Delamaza <Gonzalo.delamaza@ulagos.cl> is an expert in civil society, citizen participation, State-society relations, decentralization and social programmes. He is a consultant in the design and evaluation of projects for non-governmental and internationally cooperative public institutions; and researcher and professor at the Centre of Regional Development and Public Policy Research (CEDER – Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo Regional y Políticas Públicas), University of Los Lagos, Santiago, Chile. He was a visiting professor of the Cátedra Raúl Prebisch at the Universidad de Lisboa (2016-17). His many publications include Tan Lejos Tan Cerca. Políticas Públicas y Sociedad Civil (LOM Ediciones, 2005); and Enhancing Democracy. Public Policies and Citizen Participation in Chile (Berghahn Books, 2015).

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Antoine Maillet,

Universidad de Chile, CL
About Antoine

Antoine Maillet <antoinemaillet@iap.uchile.cl> is assistant professor at the Institute of Public Affairs (Instituto de Asuntos Públicos), University of Chile, and assistant researcher in Geographies of Conflict at COES. His research, which focusses on the confluence of political economy and the analysis of public policies, has as its principle objective the historical transformation of configurations of public and private actors in distinct economic sectors. Among his published articles are “Beyond the Minimal State: Sketching an Alternative Agenda”, Revista de Ciencia Política, 2012; and “Variedades de neoliberalismo. Innovación conceptual para el análisis del rol del Estado en los mercados”, Revista de Estudios Políticos, 2015.

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Christian Martínez Neira

Universidad de Los Lagos, CL
About Christian

Christian Martínez Neira <cgmart@gmail.com> is specialized in history and indigenous political sociology as well as social movements and territorial conflicts. Recently his focus has been on the study of inter-ethnic territorial coalitions. He is a researcher at the Centre of Regional Development and Public Policy Research (CEDER – Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo Regional y Políticas Públicas), University of Los Lagos, Santiago, Chile. He has published many articles and book chapters on his areas of interest. His last publication (with Patricia Rodríguez) is “Partisan Participation and Ethnic Autonomy in Chile: The Case of the Mapuche Organization AdMapu, in Chile”, Journal of Latin American Studies, 2016.

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Abstract

Within a context of intensifying socio-territorial conflicts in several countries, this paper analyses a database of 101 conflicts occurring in Chile between 2005 and 2014. These conflicts emerged from specific territorial problems, were scattered throughout the country, and did not involve urban centres. The evidence examined here shows significant contentious activity in non-metropolitan territories during this period. These conflicts occur in different places, arise from local problems and articulate new actors into the political game. They have had an impact on the modification of public and private investment projects and can also bring broader political consequences. The paper widens the argument that extractivism is the source of these conflicts, and suggests that politicization processes have modified what was once a Chilean historical pattern of relatively centralized conflict articulated by traditional political actors. It also identifies some venues for future research to more accurately determine the political consequences of such conflicts.



Resumen: Los conflictos socio-territoriales en Chile: Configuración y politización (2005-2014)

En el contexto de la intensificación de los conflictos socio-territoriales en diversos países de América Latina, se analiza un conjunto de 101 conflictos ocurridos en Chile entre 2005 y 2014. Distribuidos por todo el país y alejados de los centros urbanos, surgen en torno a diversos problemas propios de territorios específicos. La evidencia presentada muestra que en este período ha existido una importante actividad contenciosa en sectores no metropolitanos. Estos conflictos suceden en lugares diferentes, en torno a problemas de tipo local y articulan actores nuevos en el juego político. Son conflictos que han tenido incidencia en la modificación de proyectos de inversión públicos y privados y podrían dar origen también a consecuencias políticas más amplias. El trabajo amplía la discusión sobre el extractivismo como origen de los conflictos y plantea que se advierten procesos de politización que modifican la pauta histórica del país, donde el conflicto era más centralizado y articulado por actores políticos tradicionales. Se identifican temas de investigación futura que permitan establecer de manera más precisa las consecuencias políticas de dichos conflictos.

DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10173
How to Cite: Delamaza, G., Maillet, A., & Martínez Neira, C. (2017). Socio-Territorial Conflicts in Chile: Configuration and Politicization (2005-2014). ERLACS, (104), 23–46. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10173
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Published on 21 Sep 2017.
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