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Paramilitarism in a Post-Demobilization Context? Insights from the Department of Antioquia in Colombia

Authors:

Sandra Wienand ,

Osnabrück University, DE
About Sandra
Sandra Wienand <sandra.wienand@uni-osnabrueck.de> is researcher and doctoral candidate at the Center for Democracy and Peace Research at Osnabrück University, Germany. She is currently conducting the research project ‘Security Governance by Militias’ with a focus on militia groups in Colombia and Guatemala. Her research interests include the transformation of non-state armed actors, post-conflict violence in Latin America and qualitative research methods. A recent publication is ‘Legacies of Militias in Post-Demobilization Contexts: Tracing ‘Militia Stakeholders’ in Guatemala and Colombia’, S+F Security and Peace, 2015.
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Stiven Tremaria

Osnabrück University, DE
About Stiven
Stiven Tremaria <stiven.tremaria@uni-osnabrueck.de> is a doctoral candidate at the Institute of Social Sciences at Osnabrück University, Germany. His research interests focus on the processes of state reform and the restructuring of the public security apparatus in political transition environments. Recent publications include ‘Violent Caracas: Understanding Violence and Homicide in Contemporary Venezuela’, International Journal of Conflict and Violence 10 (1), 2016; and ‘Making policy in hybrid regimes: Police reform in Venezuela under Chávez’, Policy Studies (forthcoming).
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Abstract

Despite the efforts deployed by the Colombian state to demobilize paramilitary groups and to tackle organized crime structures since 2003, in today’s Colombia a repressive apparatus of social control exerted by paramilitary successor groups on certain sectors of the population persists in the country. Drawing on the Antioquia Department as a case study, this work offers a characterization of the legacies of the paramilitary phenomenon, its continuities and ruptures in relation to the paramilitary confederation Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia, departing from the review of the mechanisms of territorial, social, and economic control exerted by armed non-state actors on civil population. The findings are mainly based on the outcomes of qualitative field research carried out in the Antioquia Department in mid-2015.
DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10161
How to Cite: Wienand, S., & Tremaria, S. (2017). Paramilitarism in a Post-Demobilization Context? Insights from the Department of Antioquia in Colombia. ERLACS, (103), 25–50. DOI: http://doi.org/10.18352/erlacs.10161
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Published on 24 Feb 2017.
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